Infographics: Urbanisation and Urban Development in Mexico
It is well-known that Mexico City counts among the five largest cities in the world. Yet, the history of urbanisation in the country has more interesting facts to offer. Learn more in URBANET’s latest series of infographics.
Urban and Rural Population
The graphic displays the rapid growth of Mexico’s urban population – by an impressive 100 per cent between 1980 and 20101. Today, 80 per cent of all Mexicans live in urban areas2. In the meantime, the rural population has stagnated with only a slight increase in the past decades. Until 2050, the rural population is projected to decrease again, while the number of people living in cities will continue to rise.
Size of Settlements
Mexico has a number of medium to large cities. 38 cities count between 300,000 and 1 million people, and 16 cities have a population of more than one million, with two of them being megacities of more than 5 million people. According to projections, the total number of cities (i.e. more than 15,000 inhabitants) will grow from 249 in 2010 to 747 in 20303.
The 6 Largest Cities
This graphic shows the population size of Mexico’s six largest cities in 2015 and 2030, respectively. With more than 20 million people, Mexico City is by far the largest urban agglomeration in the country.
Urbanisation in Mexico – Key Figures
A quarter of Mexico’s population lives in the country’s three largest cities: Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey. The size of Mexico City in terms of population in fact outnumbers that of many countries, such as Chile (18.7 million), Guatemala (17.2 million), and the Netherlands (17 million)4. Traffic and water are two of Mexico’s biggest urban challenges. To ensure a good quality of life for urban residents, road congestion and the overexploitation of ground water need to be tackled.