Most African cities have particularly high prices relative to their level of development. The graph depicts the costs of living in cities in various sub-Saharan countries in relation to the GDP per capita (PPP$ stands for Purchasing Power Parity in Dollars). To illustrate the difference in comparison to other economies, three non-African countries were chosen as reference values. The data shows that price levels for household expenses are on average 31 per cent higher in sub-Saharan Africa than elsewhere. Some rather expensive countries are Angola, Chad or Mozambique.
* Full source: Lall, S.V., Henderson, J.V., and Venables, A.J. 2017. “Africa’s Cities: Opening Doors to the World.” World Bank, Washington, DC.